Preprint has been published in a journal as an article
DOI of the published article https://doi.org/10.22239/2317-269x.01726
Preprint / Version 2

Analysis of home and hospital deaths from respiratory and cardiovascular causes during the COVID-19 pandemic in Minas Gerais

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/SciELOPreprints.1021

Keywords:

Coronavirus, deaths, lung diseases, heart diseases, Minas Gerais

Abstract

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic in Minas Gerais (MG) resulted in a decrease of the demand for healthcare, such as outpatient consultations, exams and elective surgeries, as one of the contingency strategies. Objective: To analyze deaths from respiratory and cardiac causes during the first half of 2020 occurring in households and hospitals in MG. Methodology: The causes of deaths were analyzed using data from the Civil Registry Transparency Portal (ARPEN) in epidemiological weeks 1st to 23th. Results: It was found that, compared to the same period in 2019, there was an increase in home deaths from pneumonia (17.59%), respiratory failure (IR) (20.65%), severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) (20.69%), sepsis (31.91%), acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (15.56%), stroke (18.29%) and other cardiovascular causes (18.44%) in 2020. In relation to hospital deaths, a reduction in deaths from pneumonia (6.08%), from IR (3.59%) and from sepsis (2.21%) was observed, despite an increase of 338.30% for SARS. In addition, there was a 3.02% decrease in deaths from strokes, and a 3.41% increase in AMI and 2.93% for other cardiovascular causes. In relation to age and gender, regardless of the place of death, men aged between 75 and 80 years predominated. Discussion and Conclusions: It is believed that part of these deaths are related to the restructuring of the dynamics of hospital care, associated with the fear of seeking assistance and becoming infected by the new coronavirus. In conclusion that there was an increase in home deaths and a reduction in hospital deaths in 2020 due to respiratory and cardiac causes in the context of the pandemic.

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Author Biographies

Thiago Henrique Evangelista Alves, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia

Discente do curso de graduação em Medicina da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brasil

Tafarel Andrade de Souza, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia

Pesquisador do Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Saúde da Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brasil

Samyla de Almeida Silva, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia

Discente do curso de graduação em Medicina da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brasil

Nayani Alves Ramos, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia

Discente do curso de graduação em Medicina da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brasil

Stefan Vilges de Oliveira, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia

Docente do Departamento de Saúde Coletiva da Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brasil

Posted

2020-07-27 — Updated on 2020-08-02

Versions

Section

Health Sciences